Let’s Go to Borneo
After visiting the world’s first largest island in Greenland, second in New Guinea and the fourth in Madagascar, we went on an extraordinary journey to discover the third largest island, Borneo. For me, the name Borneo evokes life on the island very clearly: it is an exotic destination with an extraordinary hammer, with its unique flora and fauna, with its indigenous tribes of china, indian and malay as well as its native tribes. Borneo, which has the second largest rainforest after the Amazons, is divided between Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam.
Since it is an equatorial region with plenty of rain, we thought it would be appropriate to explore the depths of rainforests in the Sarawak and Sabah states of Malaysia and the Brunei Sultanate in May, with relatively little rainfall.
Indian and Chinese traders who have come to Borneo from the 1st century onwards, have brought together Hinduism and Buddhism. The kingdom of the Hindu-buddhist Srivijaya, who ruled in Sumatra, spread to Malaysia. XV. In the 19th century Islam became the official state religion of Melaka and the Malaysians began to spread to Borneo.
Europeans Borneoneu XV. century. When the Portuguese conquered Melaka to keep the spice trade under control, Brunei replaced Melaka and became the most powerful and most important Islamic kingdom in South-East Asia. In this period, the Portuguese and then the Spaniards traveled to Borneo for trade purposes. XVII. In the 19th century, the East India company, the British and later the Dutch, set foot on the island. With the treaty signed in 1824, the island is divided into two domains and Kalimantan, who joined Indonesia in 1949, is left to the Dutch government. The kingdom of Brunei, which was weakened by internal strife, insurgency and piracy, became a British protectorate until it declared its independence in 1984. The North Borneo, the Morning, and Sarawak, which had been under the rule of the White Races since 1841, became the British colony. England proposes to combine Borneo with the Malay peninsula (Malaya). England proposes to combine Borneo with the Malay peninsula (Malaya). In 1963, Sarawak, Sabah, the Malay peninsula and Singapore acquired the ad merdeka anlam, meaning independence. Brunei, who is reluctant to dispose of its income from oil reserves, does not enter the union, and Singapore withdraws from the union two years later. Malaysia’s largest province, Sarawak’s capital, Kuching Borneo’ya created our destination: We are very close to the Equator line here; hence the weather is hot and humid. When an adventurous Englishman named James Brooke, who had worked as a consultant for the Sultan of Brunei, suppressed a dangerous rebellion of his opponents in 1841, he was promoted to the position of Racik by the Sultan in return for his service and began to be known as the White Raca. Thus, Sarawak comes under the rule of the White Races. In all of Borneo Island, where traditions are very strong, Sarawak from this period onwards provides an economic development and violence is controlled like piracy and skull hunting.
Kuching, Sungai has a beautiful location on the banks of the Sarawak River. There are cafes and restaurants along the coast. Kuching means “cat”, the symbol of the city. At the entrance of the city center, which is not very big, you are greeted by a big white cat statue, in front of everyone. Here we see Anglican and Catholic cathedrals, mosques, Buddhist and Hindu temples that reflect the complex ethnicity of the region. We visit the Sarawak Museum, which is located in the Astana building of the former palace of the White Raca. The museum exhibiting ethnological and archaeological sites, Iban, Orang Ulu, Bisayah, Kelabit, Berawan, many different dialect-speaking people on the life of the ethnic community provides information about the Dayak. The next morning, we set out for the Semenggog Sarawak Nature Reserve, south of Kuching, to meet the orangutans, who were called Rez the forestman a in the local language and called Sem the wild man of Borneo Er. Orangutans only live on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.
According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), 1.3 million hectares of forests are annually destroyed in Borneo. The cause of the tree massacre is fires with good palm tree cultivation and the fishermen’s woods. The result is that the rainforest and ecosystem balance, which is the natural treasure of the island, is in immediate danger. And therefore the natural habitats of the orangutan population living in the trees disappear. The sick, wounded and motherless orangutans are taken under protection in a rare number of rehabilitation centers of the island to survive, and then they are released and re-released to nature. The orangutans, who have been under protection for rehabilitation in the Nature Reserve of Semenggoh Sarawak, can be traced in the natural environment while they live in the rainforest. Orangutans can be seen very close to two times, 10 in the morning and 3 in the afternoon.