You should visit the village of Panan in Mulu National Park
We went down the suspension bridge over the Melinau River at the entrance to the Mulu National Park, and then left our backpacks in the parking security room. We set sail to 2 boats with long and thin motor. Two sides of the river are covered with forests that are almost untouched by hand.
If there is an opportunity, I will conduct my research on the comparison of the two concepts between jungle and forest. The trees have vines and plant species that are bent over the river and dangled from their branches to the river. River trunks in the shoreline of the river dragged tree trunks, full of billets. It’s exciting to hear the sound of the forest in your ear while you’re on the way to the stream across the river Melinau. Remember the Tarzan movies.
After a half-hour journey in the river, we reached the village of Penan, who lived in this region for thousands of years. The houses are all made of wood and the houses are built on poles to protect against flooding. One of these houses, called Longhouse, has more than 4,500 in Sarawak. Sometimes more than 100 families live in these houses, separated by compartments.
Sarawak has 27 different ethnic groups. Every ethnic group has its own languages and cultures. The most crowded ethnic group, Ibanlar feared with skull fishing in the past. According to the Iban spiritual belief, if you cut off the skull of someone from the rival tribe and bring it to his house, it means health and abundant crop.
That sounds pretty ruthless, doesn’t it? However, in the World War II, the Japanese occupied Borneo for 10 years and did not have a sentence in their dictionaries. The Japanese killed more than 5 million women, men and children. Who is more wild? Are these primitive tribes from time to time skull hunting for good luck, or the modern world people with their burning, destructive weapons, even atomic bombs?
All the indigenous peoples of Borneo, whose past dates back up to 3,000 years ago, are called the Dayak People. They fought against the Japanese with American soldiers in World War II. This group, called the Z Special Unit, killed more than 1,500 Japanese soldiers in the war. American soldiers learned and learned from this primitive tradition. They cut the skulls of the Japanese soldiers they captured as the tradition of the local tribes. Some of them even made souvenirs to oneself or loved ones. Like the primitive tribes, they began to carry the items they made from the bones of the Japanese soldiers they had hunted. Although the reaction was heard and banned, the events continued.
We started to visit the small market in the village of Penan, local people’s hand-made sculptures, necklaces, mats and biblos are sold. All the people on the bench are women. Next to the market, there are large panels on the Penan Village and its people that promote language, history and culture. I bought a few biscuits and corn cans from the grocery store in the village. For 2 nights we will stay at The Pinnacles campsite and take our own food.
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