Yogyakarda Travel Guide
Yogyakarta, the spirit of Java, is the capital of the Yogyakarta Special Region today, the capital of Indonesia during the National Revolution of Indonesia (1945-1949). After Bali, it is the second most touristic city in Indonesia. Tedir Yogya anlam means suitable and büyüyen karta ”means growing and developing. Yogyakarta is a city suitable for development.
The city of Yogyakarta has been under the sovereignty of many kingdoms and sultanate throughout history. City, 8-10. The kingdom of Mataram was dominated by the Kingdom of Matara between 1293-1527, by the Sultanate of Mataram between 1575-1620, by Yogyakarta in 1745-1945 and by the Sultanate of Surakarta. Yogyakarta played a very important role during the Indonesian National Revolution and was the capital of Indonesia between 1946-1948. After 1948, the city was declared the Special Administrative Region.
Yogyakarta has a tropical monsoon climate. It is the most rainy season between October and June, and it is the dry period between July and September. The temperature does not vary much throughout the year. The highest temperature is 30 ºC and the lowest temperature is 22 ºC.
Most of the population of Yogyakarta is Javanez. The city, where many universities are located and prices are lower than in other big cities, attracted a large number of students from different regions of Indonesia, which allowed different ethnic cultures to live together. Yogyakarta has a large number of Indonesians living in Indonesia. Yogyakarta, the classic Javanez of fine arts and culture; batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry and puppet shows.
As the world’s largest Buddhist temple, Borobudur and its famous Hindu temple, Prambanan and its center of unique Java Kraton culture, Yogyakarta has become the 2nd most important tourist destination in Indonesia. Merapi Mountain, known as Mountain of Fire (Mount of Fire), is the most active volcano in Indonesia. The volcano, active since 1548, was last active in November 2010. Gunung Merapi National Park is worth visiting and seeing in this region.
The center of Yogyakarta, in Central Java, is the kraton (Sultan’s Palace). In the center of the city is the modern face of the modern, the center of the former Dutch colonial region and commercial center is located. Jalan Malioboro, the heart of the city, is the center of shopping centers and local markets.