Lifestyle

Ways of Pregnancy Prevention (Broad Explained)

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Pregnancy prevention methods, how to protect from pregnancy? Ways to prevent pregnancy,
For controlled sexual intercourse, it is essential to know the protection methods completely and correctly. The probability of becoming pregnant after unprotected intercourse represents as much as 90%. It is necessary to know and apply all methods to prevent a high rate.
There are two methods that are used permanently and temporarily and you should know two methods. I have prepared an article on all the information about prevention methods during pregnancy. You will be able to find all the problems you have in your head.
Pregnancy protection with monthly needles;

It is administered regularly by intramuscular injection once a month.
It contains two female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) that are found naturally in women.
Prevents ovulation and fertilization.
It is very effective when used correctly.
It is preferably administered on the first day in the first seven days of the period.
Women over the age of 35 and smoking can use it when they stop smoking.
It is not used when breastfeeding because it reduces the amount of breast milk and changes its structure.
It does not protect from sexually transmitted infections (HIV / AIDS, hepatitis-B, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Pregnancy protection with subcutaneous capsules;
Silicone rods placed on the inside of the arm and the size of a matchstick.
It contains only one (progesterone) female hormone that is found naturally in women.
Prevents ovulation and fertilization.
It protects against pregnancy for three or five years by type.
Very effective.
It is administered within the first seven days of menstruation, preferably on any day without suspicion of pregnancy.
Decrease in the amount of menstrual bleeding, can cause intermittent bleeding and staining.
Breastfeeding women can use it because they do not affect breast milk.
It does not protect from sexually transmitted infections (HIV / AIDS, hepatitis-B, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Prevention of pregnancy through natural prevention methods;
They are based on the fact that the fertility periods of the woman are fertile and there is no sexual intercourse during this period.
The type and amount of discharge from the cervix is ​​applied by the woman by evaluating the changes in the level and level of the cervix and changes in body temperature.
Breastfeeding, menopause and hormone use may be difficult to determine the symptoms of fertility in the periods following.
To be able to use natural family planning methods effectively, it is necessary to be well informed and trained.
No side effects.
It does not protect from sexually transmitted infections (HIV / AIDS, hepatitis-B, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Next Day Pills:

It is not a contraceptive method. It is applied to prevent possible pregnancy that may occur after unprotected sexual intercourse or when the used birth control may fail (such as tearing, puncture, dislocation of the condom). Another area of ​​use is the prevention of pregnancy of women in rape cases. In the first 72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse, the drug containing high dose estrogen and progesterone hormone is taken orally. These pills disrupt the feature of the inner membrane of the uterus and prevents the placement of the fertilized egg in the uterus. Repeated dose within 12 hours, pregnancy should be investigated if menstrual delay
Pharmacies are sold in different names without prescription. The protection rate is 95% in the first 24 hours, 85% in the second day, 58% in the third day, and its protection is very low after 72 hours.
The next day the pills should be applied only in very special cases and should not be made into a habit. Because it contains high-dose estrogen, the use of the contraceptive pill can be dangerous for people who are inconvenient in terms of health. It is also necessary to know that the protection is not 100%. It has no effect on a pregnancy, it does not cause miscarriage. Side effects such as nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, headache, abdominal pain and bleeding in the form of spotting may occur.

Birth Control Band (PATCH):

This method, which is not yet available in our country, is used according to the 28-day menstrual cycle principle, as is the case with pills. Each box contains 3 bands. The first day of the first day of bleeding begins. It is adhered to a region away from the breasts such as arms, legs, buttocks. This band secretes 20 micrograms of estrogen as in low-dose pills over 7 days. After 7 days the new tape is adhered. After three weeks of use in this way, 1 week is suspended. The side effects of the birth control patch are similar to birth control pills. In particular, intermittent bleeding or spotting may occur in the early stages of use. These effects will disappear after several months of use. Another effect is the tenderness and redness seen in the skin bonded area.

Protective Rods (Implant-Implanon):

The implant is a small plastic bar, 4 cm tall, 2 mm wide, similar to a matchstick placed inside the skin of the upper arm, which should only be performed by trained specialists. Progesterone, not estrogen, contains hormone Progesterone. It prevents the egg from being ejected from the ovaries and thinning the inner tissue of the uterus and not allowing the baby to settle. It also thickens the secretion at the entrance of the uterus and prevents the sperm from progressing into the uterus. It protects the woman from pregnancy every day for 3 years by secreting low levels of progesterone hormone into the body. 8 hours after the application begins to protect. Can be removed at any time, fertility returns within 1 week.
The implant is administered within the first 5 days of menstruation. It is placed in the upper part of the arm which is not actively used by a small surgical procedure. The implantation process under local anesthesia lasts 1-2 min. If desired, a surgical procedure is removed. Women who have breastfeeding new births can easily use the ones who are not satisfied with other methods of protection. If the mother does not breastfeed after birth, she is 21-28 days after birth and 6 weeks after birth if she is breastfeeding.
It is a very effective method to prevent pregnancy, the preservation is 99.3%. Failure rate is less than 1%. It is easy, comfortable, highly effective, long-term, reliable, does not need to be taken or remembered every day, can be returned at any time, can be used by breastfeeding women, a method that does not affect sexual life. However, since the implant prevents ovulation, the menstrual period may change, menstruation may decrease, or even menstruation may occur. Pregnancy should not cause pregnancy fear. Women who intend to use should also accept possible changes in the menstrual cycle. Headache, weight change, breast tenderness can be seen.

Who can use it?
· Lactating women
· Those who want a long-term and returnable method
· Those who cannot use spiral due to long-term bleeding
· Those who do not want to take medication every day,
· Those who are inconvenient to use estrogen may apply this method.

Objectionable for Who?

· Pregnancy or pregnancy suspicion
Patients with active liver disease, benign or malignant liver tumors
· Those with undiagnosed vaginal bleeding
· Those who cannot use synthetic progesterone
· Allergy to implant components
· Those with breast cancer or suspicion

Intrauterine Instruments (Spiral):

Intrauterine devices (spiral) of various shapes and sizes create a reaction like a foreign substance in the uterus. And for this reason, the sperm passes through the uterus and fertilize the egg cell, prevent the fertilized egg from settling in the uterus and make the uterus improper to fertilize. Its preservation is 97-99%. Intrauterine device prevents pregnancy from the moment of insertion and provides 3-5 years of protection. It can be conceived immediately after removal. It does not affect sexual intercourse and breastfeeding. It is an economical method and has a few side effects.
Intrauterine device units 2.-5. It is applied between days. Following the gynecological examination and ultrasonography, the cervix is ​​cleaned with a disinfectant solution. The cervix is ​​fixed with a special device and the spiral is passed through the uterus and inserted into the uterus. During this procedure, which lasts for a few seconds, pain is rarely felt. If there is infection in the genital tract, the spiral infection should be inserted after treatment.
The amount of pieces may increase with the use of spiral, the duration may be longer. May cause menstrual pains. The patient should pay attention to personal hygiene.
Points to be considered:
· Gynecological examination should be performed before the intrauterine device (spiral) and the uterus structure should be evaluated by ultrasound. In cases of wounds, inflammation or vaginal discharge, the spiral should not be inserted.
· Spiral insertion is not recommended for women who have irregular, frequent or abundant bleeding and have iron deficiency anemia.
· If the irregular, excessive bleeding, severe groin pain, menstrual delay or abnormal odorous discharge begin after a spiral is inserted, a specialist should be consulted.
· Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

Condoms (Condom-sheath):

It is a flexible sheath that is made of condom, latex or polyurethane material and is attached to the hardened penis of the man before the relationship. This sheath of the sperm into the vagina is poured into the uterus and hence the fertilization of the egg cell is prevented. It is also used to prevent AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea. It is easy to use, cheap and reliable. If the new one is used correctly before sexual intercourse, its protection is 96-97%. Its protection also depends on the quality of the condom. Condoms with a spermicide (spermicide) substance should be preferred. A space must be left for the accumulation of the menu at the end and check for any holes after each contact. If it is suspected that there is a hole, consult a doctor immediately. Failure to insert it correctly may rupture or cause leakage. Condoms should not be used with oil-containing substances such as Vaseline or massage oil. Some people may be allergic to latex. The biggest advantage is the optimal protection method for couples with irregular sex life.

Condoms For Women:

The most effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy is condoms. However, a significant number of men do not want to use condoms. Now the condoms are produced by women. US Realty in pharmacies in Turkey and in the name Femidom available in supermarkets.
Femidom 17 cm. It is made of soft and thin polyurethane layer and covers the entire vagina. Since it has a very thin, slippery and soft structure, it does not cause loss of feeling during the merger. It is a protection method that does not cause any allergies or irritation.
Odorless. When it is inserted into the vagina, it immediately warms up with body temperature and moistens. The silicone-based oil used in its production simplifies movement and makes no noise. Women of all ages can use it. It is specially designed for women’s body, no problem of measurement.
Since it can be worn 8 hours before sexual intercourse, it does not divide the relationship.
It can be used during pregnancy and period.
It can be used with birth control pills.
Since mucosal surfaces are more common, the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and Hepatitis B to women is higher. The likelihood of transmission of HIV to women through sexual intercourse is 15 times higher than that of men. Femidom provides protection from sexually transmitted diseases.
If you or your partner is allergic to latex, the polyurethane condom is a good alternative.
First use may sound difficult; Before getting up after the relationship, the menu should be removed correctly to prevent leakage.
Midriff:

The edges of the cervix are a harder rubber material. It prevents the passage of the sperm into the uterus by closing the uterus and increasing the protection when used with sperm killers. The sperm that cannot be inhibited by the diaphragm are ineffective with spermicide gels. She is placed in the cervix by the woman 1 hour before the intercourse and is allowed to remain in place for at least 6 hours after the intercourse.
Does not prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. There may be disruptions in use until they are used.

Spermicides:

Spermicides in the form of foam, tablets and gels ensure the destruction of the sperm in the vagen. Its protection is low.

Calendar Method:

Although it is not recommended by doctors because it is not reliable, it is still one of the most frequently used birth control methods. It is applied to avoid sexual intercourse when the risk of becoming pregnant is highest. In women with regular menstrual bleeding, egg cracking occurred in the 13th-15th. days are taken into account. However, the number is still 8-18. It should not be forgotten that there is a risk of getting pregnant between days.

Permanent methods of protection from pregnancy;

If you do not intend to have a baby anymore, the most appropriate method is to connect the tubes.

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