The first architect to talk about the elevator is the Roman architect Vitruvius. Vitruvius says that Archimedes had built the first elevator (236 BC). In later periods, according to some sources, elevators are phaeton on hemp ropes and are driven by human or hay vans. It is thought that such elevators were installed in Sinai Monastery in Egypt. XVII. In the 18th century, prototypes of elevators were also established in England and France.
In 1793 lvan Kulibin designed a screw lifting mechanism for the Winter Palace of Saint Petersburg. In 1816 in the village of Moscow in the main building called Arkhangelskoye was built a lift. In London in 1823 the “raised room” emerged.
In the middle of 1800, many kinds of simple elevators carrying loads have been made. Most of them worked hydraulically. A plunger was used under the vago to ensure take-off and landing in the first hydraulic lift. The pump provided pressure to the plunger or steel column in a vertical cylinder. With the increase in pressure, the elevator would lower. In the elevator, a balance-based system was used so that all the weight was not loaded onto the piston. The piston was not practical for tall buildings, because a deep pit was required for the piston beyond the length of the building. Afterwards, lifts equipped with multi-frame rope were produced.
Henry Waterman, a New Yorker, is known for the fact that in 1850 he produced “sa b i t halats business” for the elevator. In 1853, Elisha Otis was able to remove the possibility of falling into the gap in case of a broken elevator.