The idea of Metro was first created in 1846 by Charles Pearson, a member of the commission responsible for examining the Metropolitan Railways. In 1853, North Metropolitan Railway Co. The company called dry ldu. Due to financial difficulties, a lot of time was lost, and the construction of the line for the first time began in January 1860, in London, at Euston Square. The first 4-mile line was opened at 06.00 on January 10, 1863.
Seven stations were found between Farrington Street and Paddington main terminals, and the entire transportation time was 33 minutes. The passenger cars were illuminated by gas lamps and, as the Daily Telegraph reported, “The light in the first-class cars was so strong that people could read their newspapers and read them easily.” On the first day, four walks of shielding at the intervals of 15 minutes, six times each, carried out 120 flights and carried 30 thousand passengers.
The first electric train used in the subway, on November 4, 1890, connects the city center of London with South London and even has been put into service. That day, the Prince of Wales took the subway from King William Street to the Oval Station.
The opening of the electric metro was held on December 18, 1890. Wherever to get there, passengers were charged 2 pence and this fee was paid at the entrance of the subway as there was no ticket system. The 14 four-wheel electric 12-ton electric locomotives on this line were built by Mather and Platt in Manchester, and each could drive three cars at an average speed of 11.5 miles per hour. In front of and behind each wagon there were sliding doors that opened onto a metal platform.
These doors were opened and closed at each station. The first motor trains, where both the locomotive section and the transport parts were produced in one piece, were put into service on August 18, 1898 by Waterloo and City Railway, on the subway line between Waterloo and Bank.
The vehicles were manufactured by Jackson and Sharp in Wilmington, USA. The first entrance of the “coin-operated tourniquets” to the metro entrances took place in London in 1904. In 1922, automatic door wagons were put into service.
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